Third Person Omniscient Definition: A “narrator” narrates the story, using “he”, “she”, and “they” pronouns. This narrator knows everything, including events prior to and after the story and all the feelings, emotions, and opinions of every character.
Omniscient means “knows all”, so this narrator knows everything. It’s as though the narrator is a God-like being.
The thing to remember about omniscient POV is that the narrator is his or her own separate being. The characters NEVER tell the story. Usually, the narrator is neutral, though narrators can have strong opinions and biases. Sometimes the most interesting narrators are the highly-opinionated ones.
Omniscient used to be the most used POV, but it has declined in popularity in the last few decades. Nowadays, you will find this POV more in adult books, as it’s rarely in modern children’s, middle grade, and young adult books. Despite its declining popularity, omniscient POV still has its place and is definitely a POV writers can consider.
The narrator knows all, so you have no limitations. Omniscient POV allows the reader to know all the characters and how the characters are interpreting events.
Omniscient POV is a good choice for epic, grand, adventure tales (Lord of the Rings, anyone?). If your story covers a lot of characters, spans over a course of many years, and covers many landscapes, omniscient is a good choice because it provides the freedom you will need.
Another advantage is having more freedom to craft your voice. With first person and deep third person limited, you have to share the narration with your protagonist. If your protagonist is a sassy, back-talking rebel, then that personality better come through in the narration. Omniscient POV doesn’t share the narration with the characters, and you, the author, have more authority over the voice.
Like third person objective, third person omniscient doesn’t have closeness. Knowing all the characters doesn’t mean you can bond with them, and there’s distance between the characters and the reader. This POV is losing popularity because most of today’s readers want to bond with the characters.
While the narrator doesn’t have to reveal everything, sometimes having someone who know all can kill the suspense in a novel. Part of the fun of reading, especially thrillers and mysteries, is figuring out characters’ secrets and who’s really good and who’s really bad.
Problems That Occur When Writing in Third Person Omniscient:
Omniscient POV is the hardest to master, and when new writers attempt this POV first, the amateurishness shows. Omniscient is about strategy, and if you go into a manuscript blindly with this POV, it will not work.
While omniscient has the advantage to give writers more authority over their voice, if you lack voice in the first place, the narration will be really dry. The reason teachers and mentors recommend starting with writing in first person is that writing in the POV of a character helps build your craft.
Besides voice issues, another problem is accidentally slipping into third person limited. This happens because the writer doesn’t understand the difference between the two POVs.
There’s also the problem of head hopping. Head hopping is when a writer jumps from one character’s perspective to another. Jumping from what one character is thinking to another is jarring and can pull the reader out of the story. Another head hopping problem is when the voice of the narration changes among the characters. Again, in this POV, the narrator tells the story, not the characters, so none of the characters’ voices should be in the narration.
I know these problems are complicated, so I will talk about them in another post.